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Broadening the limits of reconstructive leadership: Constructivist elements of Viktor Orbán’s regime-building politics

Körösényi, András and Metz, Rudolf Tamás and Illés, Gábor István (2018) Broadening the limits of reconstructive leadership: Constructivist elements of Viktor Orbán’s regime-building politics. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 20. pp. 790-808. ISSN 1369-1481

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Abstract

Hungary’s political backsliding, which has transformed it from a former frontrunner of liberal democracy in the post-communist region to an illiberal and/or authoritarian state, has puzzled political scientists. As a contribution to understanding the problem of Viktor Orbán’s leadership and the regime change, we apply Stephen Skowronek’s concept of ‘reconstructive leadership’. The politics of reconstruction, with an emphasis on the introduction of new standards of legitimacy and the mobilisation of support for new modes of governance, leaves ample room for appreciating the role of political leadership. Through an analysis of three policy areas (constitution-making, macroeconomic and immigration policy) related to Orbán’s efforts at reconstruction, we argue that the Hungarian case underscores the formative role of agency even more than in Skowronek’s original conception. Reviewing possible criticisms of Skowronek’s perspective and some recent literature about ‘discursive institutionalism’, we argue that the Hungarian case makes a vital correction to the Skowronekian concept, suggesting the value of taking a more constructivist approach.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: J Political Science / politológia > JA Political science (General) / politológia általában
Depositing User: Veronika Tamás
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 14:41
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 14:41
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/89374

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