Hofmeister ions control protein dynamics

Szalontai, Balázs and Nagy N., Gergely and Krumova, Sashka and Fodor, Elfrieda and Páli, Tibor and Taneva, Stefka G. and Garab, Győző and Peters, Judith and Dér, András (2013) Hofmeister ions control protein dynamics. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS, 1830. pp. 4564-4572. ISSN 0304-4165

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Background: Recently, we have elaborated a thermodynamic theory that could coherently interpret the diverse effects of Hofmeister ions on proteins, based on a single physical parameter, the protein–water interfacial tension (Dér et al., Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2007, 111, 5344–5350). This theory, implying a “liquid drop model”, predicts changes in protein conformational fluctuations upon addition of Hofmeister salts (containing either kosmotropic or chaotropic anions) to the medium. Methods: Here, we report experimental tests of this prediction using a complex approach by applying methods especially suited for the detection of protein fluctuation changes (neutron scattering, micro-calorimetry, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy). Results: It is demonstrated that Hofmeister salts, via setting the hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties of the protein– water interface, control conformational fluctuations even in the interior of the typicalmembrane transport protein bacteriorhodopsin, around its temperature-induced, unusual α(II) → α(I) conformational transition between 60 and 90 °C. We found that below this transition kosmotropic (COOCH3 −), while above it chaotropic (ClO4 −) anions increase structural fluctuations of bR. It was also shown that, in each case, an onset of enhanced equilibrium fluctuations presages this phase transition in the course of the thermotropic response of bR. Conclusions: These results are in full agreement with the theory, and demonstrate that predictions based on protein–water interfacial tension changes can describe Hofmeister effects and interpret protein dynamics phenomena even in unusual cases. General significance: This approach is expected to provide a useful guide to understand the principles governing the interplay between protein interfacial properties and conformational dynamics, in general.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hofmeister effect Differential scanning calorimetry Neutron scattering Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy Protein structural fluctuation Bacteriorhodopsin
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Kata Berkes
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2014 16:01
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2014 16:01

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