Soluble VEGFR1 signaling guides vascular patterns into dense branching morphologies

Lakatos, Dóra and Somfai, Ellák and Méhes, Előd and Czirók, András (2018) Soluble VEGFR1 signaling guides vascular patterns into dense branching morphologies. JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, 456. pp. 261-278. ISSN 0022-5193

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Vascular patterning is a key process during development and disease. The diffusive decoy receptor sVEGFRI (sFlt1) is a known regulator of endothelial cell behavior, yet the mechanism by which it controls vascular structure is little understood. We propose computational models to shed light on how vascular patterning is guided by self-organized gradients of the VEGF/sVEGFR1 factors. We demonstrate that a diffusive inhibitor can generate structures with a dense branching morphology in models where the activator elicits directed growth. Inadequate presence of the inhibitor leads to compact growth, while excessive production of the inhibitor blocks expansion and stabilizes existing structures. Model predictions were compared with time-resolved experimental data obtained from endothelial sprout kinetics in fibrin gels. In the presence of inhibitory antibodies against VEGFR1 vascular sprout density increases while the speed of sprout expansion remains unchanged. Thus, the rate of secretion and stability of extracellular sVEGFRI can modulate vascular sprout density. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: VEGF, Vasculature, Pattern formation, Reaction-diffusion
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2019 14:24
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2019 14:24

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