Emerging Resistance of Neglected Tropical Diseases

Akinsolu, Folahanmi T. and Nemieboka, Priscilla O. and Njuguna, Diana W. and Ahadji, Makafui N. and Dezső, Dóra and Varga, Orsolya (2019) Emerging Resistance of Neglected Tropical Diseases. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 16 (11). ISSN 1661-7827


Download (3MB) | Preview


Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health threat with the potential to cause millions of deaths. There has been a tremendous increase in the use of antimicrobials, stemming from preventive chemotherapy elimination and control programs addressing neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). This study aims to identify the frequency of drug resistance for 11 major NTDs and 20 treatment drugs within a specific period by systematically analyzing the study design, socio-demographic factors, resistance, and countries of relevant studies. Methods: Adhering to PRISMA guidelines, we performed systematic reviews of the major 11 NTDs to identify publications on drug resistance between 2000 and 2016. A quality assessment tool adapted for evaluating observational and experimental studies was applied to assess the quality of eligible studies. Results: One of the major findings is that six NTDs have information on drug resistance, namely human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminths, and trachoma. Many studies recorded resistance due to diagnostic tests, and few studies indicated clinical resistance. Although most studies were performed in Africa where there is the occurrence of several NTDs, there was no link between disease burden and locations of study. Conclusions: Based on this study we deduce that monitoring and surveillance systems need to be strengthened to enable the early detection of AMR and the mitigation of its global spread.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Journal Article; Review; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drug Resistance; MONITORING; SURVEILLANCE; ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE; neglected tropical diseases;
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RA Public aspects of medicine / orvostudomány társadalmi szerepe
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 13:27
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 13:27

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item