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Fused Deposition Modeling 3D Printing: Test Platforms for Evaluating Post-Fabrication Chemical Modifications and In-Vitro Biological Properties.

Arany, Petra and Róka, Eszter and Mollet, Laurent and Coleman, Anthony W and Perret, Florent and Kim, Beomjoon and Kovács, Renátó and Kazsoki, Adrienn and Zelkó, Romána and Gesztelyi, Rudolf and Ujhelyi, Zoltán and Fehér, Pálma and Váradi, Judit and Fenyvesi, Ferenc and Vecsernyés, Miklós and Bácskay, Ildikó (2019) Fused Deposition Modeling 3D Printing: Test Platforms for Evaluating Post-Fabrication Chemical Modifications and In-Vitro Biological Properties. Pharmaceutics, 11 (6). ISSN 1999-4923

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Abstract

3D printing is attracting considerable interest for its capacity to produce prototypes and small production runs rapidly. Fused deposit modeling (FDM) was used to produce polyvalent test plates for investigation of the physical, chemical, and in-vitro biological properties of printed materials. The polyvalent test plates (PVTPs) are poly-lactic acid cylinders, 14 mm in diameter and 3 mm in height. The polymer ester backbone was surface modified by a series of ramified and linear oligoamines to increase its hydrophilicity and introduce a positive charge. The chemical modification was verified by FT-IR spectroscopy, showing the introduction of amide and amine functions, and contact angle measurements confirmed increased hydrophilicity. Morphology studies (SEM, optical microscopy) indicated that the modification of PVTP possessed a planar morphology with small pits. Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy demonstrated that the polymeric free volume decreased on modification. An MTT-based prolonged cytotoxicity test using Caco-2 cells showed that the PVTPs are non-toxic at the cellular level. The presence of surface oligoamines on the PVTPs reduced biofilm formation by SC5314 significantly. The results demonstrate that 3D printed objects may be modified at their surface by a simple amidation reaction, resulting in a reduced propensity for biofilm colonization and cellular toxicity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: Dr. Ferenc Fenyvesi
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 12:53
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 12:53
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/101306

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