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Disaster risk data and its terminological difficulties – A statistical review = A katasztrófakockázat-adat és terminológiai problémái – Egy statisztikai vizsgálat

Papp, Bendegúz (2019) Disaster risk data and its terminological difficulties – A statistical review = A katasztrófakockázat-adat és terminológiai problémái – Egy statisztikai vizsgálat. DELTA: VEDECKO-ODBORNÝ ČASOPIS KATEDRY PROTIPOŽIARNEJ OCHRANY, 13 (1). pp. 5-21. ISSN 1337-0863 (print); 2585-9730 (online)

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Abstract

In international disaster science, disaster data is an indispensable source for conducting research related to life and economic loss. Economic and demographic impacts can be investigated with disaster data, inter alia, destruction and cost of the events. Nevertheless, there is no standardization in disaster measuring, and no unified methodology is accepted in the disaster science. While introducing to existing literature on topic, this research attempts to define the most frequently presented concepts of disaster risk data, namely ‘death’, ‘affected’, and ‘economic loss’. Furthermore, the most important statistical issue, the determination of ‘disaster’ is investigated. This paper categorizes previous definitions into three main groups: intersubjective, (semi) objective, and numerical approach. After the theoretical framework, the most frequently cited disaster databases’ (EM-DAT, NatCat, Sigma) data collection methodology is compared. Finally, this paper presents the main statistical problems related to disaster risk data, underlying the fact that objectivity cannot be determined in the disaster statistics. Hopefully with its terminological clarification, this paper will contribute to the conceptualization and operationalization in disaster science.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HA Statistics / statisztika
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HD Industries. Land use. Labor / ipar, földhasználat, munkaügy > HD1 Industries / ipar > HD15 Risk management / kockázatkezelés
Depositing User: Bendegúz Papp
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2019 10:17
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 10:17
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/102806

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