Plio-Pleistocene basanitic and melilititic series of the Bohemian Massif : K-Ar ages, major/trace element and Sr-Nd isotopic data

Ulrych, Jaromír and Ackerman, Lukáš and Balogh, Kadosa and Hegner, Ernst and Jelínek, Emil and Pécskay, Zoltán (2013) Plio-Pleistocene basanitic and melilititic series of the Bohemian Massif : K-Ar ages, major/trace element and Sr-Nd isotopic data. CHEMIE DER ERDE / GEOCHEMISTRY, 73 (4). pp. 429-450. ISSN 0009-2819

[img] Text
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy


The Plio-Pleistocene volcanic rocks of the Bohemian Massif comprise a compositional spectrum involving two series: an older basanitic series (6.0-0.8Ma) and a younger, melilititic series (1.0-0.26Ma). The former consists of relatively undifferentiated basaltic rocks, slightly silica-undersaturated, with Mg# ranging from 62 to almost primitive mantle-type values of 74. The major and trace element characteristics correspond to those of primitive intra-plate alkaline volcanic rocks from a common sub-lithospheric mantle source (European Asthenospheric Reservoir - EAR) including positive Nb, and negative K and Pb anomalies. 87Sr/86Sr ratios of 0.7032-0.7034 and 143Nd/144Nd of 0.51285-0.51288 indicate a moderately depleted mantle source as for other mafic rocks of the central European volcanic province with signs of HIMU-like characteristics commonly attributed to recycling of subducted oceanic crust in the upper mantle during the Variscan orogeny. The melilititic series is characterized by higher degrees of silica-undersaturation, and high Mg# of 68-72 values, compatible with primitive-mantle-derived compositions. The high OIB-like Ce/Pb (19-47) and Nb/U (32-53) ratios indicate that assimilation of crustal material was negligible. In both series, concentrations of incompatible elements are mildly elevated and 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.7034-0.7036) and 143Nd/144Nd ratios (0.51285-0.51288) overlap. Variations in incompatible element concentrations and isotopic compositions in the basanitic series and melilititic series can be explained by a lower degree of mantle melting for the latter with preferential melting of enriched mantle domains. The Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of both rock series are similar to those of the EAR. Minor differences in geochemical characteristics between the two series may be attributed to: (i) to different settings with respect to crust and lithospheric mantle conditions in (a) Western Bohemia (WB) and (b) Northeastern Bohemia (NEB) and the Northern Moravia and Silesia (NMS) areas, (ii) a modally metasomatized mantle lithosphere in WB in contrast to cryptically metasomatized domains in the NEB and NMS, (iii) different degrees of partial melting with very low degrees in WB but higher degrees in NEB and NMS. The geochemical and isotopic similarity between the Plio-Pleistocene volcanic rocks and those of the late Cretaceous and Cenozoic (79-6Ma) suggests that their magmas came from compositionally similar mantle sources, that underwent low degrees of melting over an interval of ~80Ma. The Oligocene to Miocene basanitic series that accompanied the Plio-Pleistoicene basanitic series in the NMS region indicate that they shared a common mantle source. There is no geochemical evidence for thermal erosion of the lithospheric mantle or significant changes in mantle compositions within the time of a weak thermal perturbation in the asthenospheric mantle. These perturbations were caused by a dispersed mantle plume or passively upwelling asthenosphere in zones of lithospheric thinning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: volcanic rock; upwelling; strontium isotope; potassium-argon dating; Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary; partial melting; neodymium isotope; melilite; mantle source; magma; isotopic ratio; Isotopic composition; asthenosphere; Sr-Nd isotopes; Plio-Pleistocene; Melilitite; magmatism; K-Ar age; BOHEMIAN MASSIF; basanite
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE06 Petrology. Petrography / kőzettan, petrográfia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2014 08:48
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2014 08:48

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item