Effects of the fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor URB597 on coping behavior under challenging conditions in mice

Haller, József and Aliczki, Manó and Gyímesiné Pelczer, Katalin and Spitzer, Klaudia and Balogh, Zoltán and Kántor, Sándor (2014) Effects of the fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor URB597 on coping behavior under challenging conditions in mice. PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, 231. pp. 593-601. ISSN 0033-3158

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RATIONALE: Recent evidence suggests that in addition to controlling emotional behavior in general, endocannabinoid signaling is engaged in shaping behavioral responses to challenges. This important function of endocannabinoids is still poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Here we investigated the impact of blockade of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the degrading enzyme of anandamide on behavioral responses induced by challenges of different intensity. METHODS: Mice treated with FAAH inhibitor URB597 were either manually restrained on their backs (back test) or received foot-shocks. RESULTS: The behavior of mice showed bimodal distribution in the back test: they either predominantly showed escape attempts or equally distributed time between passivity and escape. URB597 increased escapes in animals with low escape scores. No effects were noticed in mice showing high escape scores, which is likely due to a ceiling effect. We hypothesized that stronger stressors would wash out individual differences in coping; therefore, we exposed mice to foot-shocks that decreased locomotion and increased freezing in all mice. URB597 ameliorated both responses. The re-exposure of mice to the shock cage 14 days later without delivering shocks or treatment was followed by reduced and fragmented sleep as shown by electrophysiological recordings. Surprisingly, sleep was more disturbed after the reminder than after shocks in rats receiving vehicle before foot-shocks. These reminder-induced disturbances were abolished by URB597 administered before shocks. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that FAAH blockade has an important role in the selection of behavioral responses under challenging conditions and-judging from its long-term effects-that it influences the cognitive appraisal of the challenge.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Back test. Conditioned fear. Coping. FAAH. Inescapable foot shock. Mouse. URB597
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 13:30
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2015 07:34

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