Tillage-induced soil compaction as a climate threat increasing stressor

Birkás, Márta and Dexter, T. and Szemők, A. (2009) Tillage-induced soil compaction as a climate threat increasing stressor. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 37 (Suppl.). pp. 379-382. ISSN 0133-3720

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Tillage interrupts natural processes in the soil. The greater the difference between man-made and natural state the heavier is the stress on soil biological activities. An intervention deforming the soil structure will have both positive and negative impacts on plants. Heavier negative impacts may cause stress. Tillageinduced compaction is an abnormal change in the soil structure causing stress both directly and indirectly. Until recent years scientists knew more about compaction than did farmers, who tended to explain losses by referring to adverse weather conditions. Research is now underway in two directions: studying soil state in soil quality trials and monitoring selected fields in 67 districts. In the course of our research we have been studying some climatic, edaphic and tillage stress factors. This paper comprises an evaluation of certain impacts of tillage pans on the soil (structure) and plants (root zone depth). One important finding is proof of structure degradation in the wake of interventions that have a negative impact on the soil biological activity along with proof of structure improvement in the wake of tillage causing as little stress as possible. Compaction was found to be a stressor limiting water transport and aggregation in the soil and aggravating damage caused by drought and waterlogging alike. Plants responded to compaction stress in terms of weakened emergence, deficient nutrient and water uptake, root deformation, and low yields.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: compaction stress, aggregation, rooting depth
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > S1 Agriculture (General) / mezőgazdaság általában
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2014 13:51
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2014 13:52

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