REAL

Leaking chaotic systems

Altmann, Eduardo G. and Portela, Jefferson S. E. and Tél, Tamás (2013) Leaking chaotic systems. REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS, 85 (2). pp. 869-918. ISSN 0034-6861

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Abstract

There are numerous physical situations in which a hole or leak is introduced in an otherwise closed chaotic system. The leak can have a natural origin, it can mimic measurement devices, and it can also be used to reveal dynamical properties of the closed system. A unified treatment of leaking systems is provided and applications to different physical problems, in both the classical and quantum pictures, are reviewed. The treatment is based on the transient chaos theory of open systems, which is essential because real leaks have finite size and therefore estimations based on the closed system differ essentially from observations. The field of applications reviewed is very broad, ranging from planetary astronomy and hydrodynamical flows to plasma physics and quantum fidelity. The theory is expanded and adapted to the case of partial leaks (partial absorption and/or transmission) with applications to room acoustics and optical microcavities in mind. Simulations in the limacon family of billiards illustrate the main text. Regarding billiard dynamics, it is emphasized that a correct discrete-time representation can be given only in terms of the so-called true-time maps, while traditional Poincare maps lead to erroneous results. Perron-Frobenius-type operators are generalized so that they describe true-time maps with partial leaks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fractal structures ; ESCAPE RATES ; Transient chaos ; DYNAMICAL-SYSTEMS ; POINCARE RECURRENCES ; HAMILTONIAN-SYSTEMS ; MARKOV-TREE MODEL ; AREA-PRESERVING MAPS ; PERRON-FROBENIUS OPERATORS ; ERGODIC MAGNETIC LIMITER
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2014 12:00
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2014 13:44
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/11579

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