Diazoxide blocks or reduces microgliosis when applied prior or subsequent to motor neuron injury in mice

Nógrádi, Bernát and Meszlényi, Valéria and Patai, Roland and Polgár, Tamás F. and Spisák, Krisztina and Kristóf, Rebeka and Siklós, László (2020) Diazoxide blocks or reduces microgliosis when applied prior or subsequent to motor neuron injury in mice. BRAIN RESEARCH, 1741. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0006-8993

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Diazoxide (DZX), an anti-hypertonic and anti-hypoglycemic drug, was shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in several injured cell types outside the central nervous system. In the brain, the neuroprotective potential of DZX is well described, however, its anticipated anti-inflammatory effect after acute injury has not been systematically analyzed. To disclose the anti-inflammatory effect of DZX in the central nervous system, an injury was induced in the hypoglossal and facial nuclei and in the oculomotor nucleus by unilateral axonal transection and unilateral target deprivation (enucleation), respectively. On the fourth day after surgery, microglial analysis was performed on tissue in which microglia were DAB-labeled and motoneurons were labeled with immunofluorescence. DZX treatment was given either prophylactically, starting 7 days prior to the injury and continuing until the animals were sacrificed, or postoperatively only, with daily intraperitoneal injections (1.25 mg/kg; in 10 mg/ml dimethyl sulfoxide in distilled water). Prophylactically + postoperatively applied DZX completely eliminated the microglial reaction in each motor nuclei. If DZX was applied only postoperatively, some microglial activation could be detected, but its magnitude was still significantly smaller than the non-DZX-treated controls. The effect of DZX could also be demonstrated through an extended period, as tested in the hypoglossal nucleus on day 7 after the operation. Neuronal counts, determined at day 4 after the operation in the hypoglossal nucleus, demonstrated no loss of motor neurons, however, an increased Feret's diameter of mitochondria could be measured, suggesting increased oxidative stress in the injured cells. The increase of mitochondrial Feret's diameter could also be prevented with DZX treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában > R850-854 Experimental medicine / kisérleti orvostudomány
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2021 09:40
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2023 08:22

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