Opportunities of a Shared Economy in Hungary Based on Primary Research

Pónusz, Mónika and Kolonics, Patricia (2020) Opportunities of a Shared Economy in Hungary Based on Primary Research. POLGÁRI SZEMLE: GAZDASÁGI ÉS TÁRSADALMI FOLYÓIRAT, 16 (Spec.). pp. 385-398. ISSN 1786-6553

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The term ‘sharing economy’ means an economy based on sharing, a community economy. The model features elements such as paying attention to the environment, the importance of curbing consumption, and rationalising consumption habits. Its significance could best be highlighted through recycling waste, the purpose of which is to reduce the amount of waste generated from the goods we use, and also to reduce the need for new resources by recycling such waste back into the system. For those advocating the sharing economy it is a potential way to rein in the global overconsumption that is based on individual consumption, while for those opposing the idea it signifies competition and a threat to their livelihood, not to mention the possibility/suspicion of tax optimisation, or in a worse-case scenario tax avoidance. This study does not aim to decide which of the camps on the two sides of the argument is right; instead, it provides an overview of the characteristics of the sharing economy and its main areas thus far. It argues for the model relying mostly on international practice and experience. One of the objectives of our research is to explore the difficulties, obstacles and anomalies relating to the regulation of the area, particularly to tax laws. Furthermore, we strive to identify the circumstances that have resulted in flourishing sharing economies in some countries, so that we can put forward proposals to foster such development in Hungary, making use of the country’s capabilities. The study summarises the results of our secondary research, our primary research conducted in Hungary in 2019, an online survey and indepth interviews. The questions of the online survey were aimed at investigating the awareness and use of the sharing economy, and people’s openness to such initiatives.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sharing economy, community economy, collaborative economy, collaborative consumption
Subjects: H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HB Economic Theory / közgazdaságtudomány > HB3 Economic systems / gazdasági rendszerek
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HC Economic History and Conditions / gazdaság története és alapelvek > HC2 Economic policy / gazdaságpolitika
Depositing User: Andrea Paár
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2021 10:25
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2023 07:12

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