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Analysis of Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum-Causing Missense Mutants of ABCC6 In Vivo; Pharmacological Correction of the Mislocalized Proteins

Pomozi, Viola and Brampton, C. and Fülöp, Krisztina and Chen, L-H. and Apana, A. and Váradi, András (2014) Analysis of Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum-Causing Missense Mutants of ABCC6 In Vivo; Pharmacological Correction of the Mislocalized Proteins. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY, 134 (4). pp. 946-953. ISSN 0022-202X

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Abstract

Mutations in the ABCC6 gene cause soft-tissue calcification in pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) and, in some patients, generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI). PXE is characterized by late onset and progressive mineralization of elastic fibers in dermal, ocular, and cardiovascular tissues. GACI patients present a more severe, often prenatal arterial calcification. We have tested 10 frequent disease-causing ABCC6 missense mutants for the transport activity by using Sf9 (Spodoptera frugiperda) cells, characterized the subcellular localization in MDCKII (Madin-Darby canine kidney (cell line)) cells and in mouse liver, and tested the phenotypic rescue in zebrafish. We aimed at identifying mutants with preserved transport activity but with improper plasma membrane localization for rescue by the chemical chaperone 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA). Seven of the mutants were transport-competent but mislocalized in mouse liver. The observed divergence in cellular localization of mutants in MDCKII cells versus mouse liver underlined the limitations of this 2D in vitro cell system. The functionality of ABCC6 mutants was tested in zebrafish, and minimal rescue of the morpholino-induced phenotype was found. However, 4-PBA, a drug approved for clinical use, restored the plasma membrane localization of four ABCC6 mutants (R1114P, S1121W, Q1347H, and R1314W), suggesting that allele-specific therapy may be useful for selected patients with PXE and GACI.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 19 December 2013; doi:10.1038/jid.2013.482.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RL Dermatology / bőrgyógyászat
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 14:25
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2014 01:15
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/12985

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