Phoma Saccardo: Distribution, secondary metabolite production and biotechnological applications

Rai, M. and Deshmukh, P. and Gade, A. and Ingle, A. and Kövics, György and Irinyi, László Miklós (2009) Phoma Saccardo: Distribution, secondary metabolite production and biotechnological applications. CRITICAL REVIEWS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 35 (3). pp. 182-196. ISSN 1040-841X

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Phoma Sacc. is an ubiquitous fungus, which has been reported from plants, soil, human beings, animals, and air. Some species of Phoma like P. sorghina, P. herbarum, P. exigua var. exigua, P. macrostoma, P. glomerata, Phoma macdonaldii, Phoma tracheiphila, Phoma proboscis, P. multirostrata, and Phoma foveata secrete phytotoxin and anthraquinone pigments as secondary metabolites, which have great potential for the biological control of weeds, and can be exploited for the production of mycopesticides, agrophytochemicals, and dyes. Some other species produce pharmaceutically active metabolites, viz., Sirodesmins, Phomenoic acid, Phomenolactone, Phomadecalins, Phomactin A, Phomasetin, Squalestatin-1 (S1), and Squalestatin-2 (S2). The secondary metabolites secreted by some species of Phoma are antitumor, antimicrobial, and anti- HIV. Equisetin and Phomasetin obtained from species of Phoma are useful against AIDS. The main goal of the present review is to discuss secondary metabolite production by species of Phoma and their utilization as antibiotics and as biocontrol agents.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phoma; secondary metabolites; antibiotics; anthraquinones; pigments
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2014 08:12
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2014 08:12

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