Effect of different sowing times on the plant developmental parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Kiss, Tibor and Balla, Krisztina and Bányai, Judit and Veisz, Ottó Bálint and Karsai, Ildikó (2014) Effect of different sowing times on the plant developmental parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 42 (2). pp. 239-251. ISSN 0133-3720


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Studies on plant development phases and yield component patterns of wheat are essential for a better understanding of adaptation in wheat. Our main aim was to carry out detailed phenological analyses of 18 wheat genotypes in three sowing times for determining the effect of sowing date on individual phenophases, and yield components. Sowing date had the single greatest effect on the start of intensive stem elongation. The longer vegetation period had a favourable effect on main spike length and on the spikelet number per spike, but had no influence on thousand-kernel weight and grain number per spike. The time between the first node appearance and start of intensive stem elongation had a significant effect on the number of reproductive tillers. A close association (R2 = 0.191) was observed during the second phase of intensive stem elongation between the boot stage-to-heading interval and the number of spikelets per spike. Two-way analysis of variance on the yield components showed that the sowing date, as a main factor, had a weaker effect on the phenophases than on morphological and developmental parameters. The insensitive allele of the Ppd-D1 gene shortened the time required for first node appearance and heading both in autumn and spring sowing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Yield components; wheat (T. aestivum L.); Sowing time; Ppd-D1; plant developmental phases
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2014 11:59
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2014 06:16

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