New Multiproxy Record of the Jenkyns Event (a.k.a. Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event) from the Mecsek Mountains (Hungary): Differences, Duration and Drivers

Müller, Tamás and Price, Gregory D. and Bajnai, Dávid and Nyerges, Anita and Kesjár, Dóra and Raucsik, Béla and Varga, Andrea and Judik, Katalin and Fekete, József and May, Zoltán and Pálfy, József (2017) New Multiproxy Record of the Jenkyns Event (a.k.a. Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event) from the Mecsek Mountains (Hungary): Differences, Duration and Drivers. SEDIMENTOLOGY : THE JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SEDIMENTOLOGISTS. pp. 1-126. ISSN 0037-0746 (print); 1365-3091 (online)


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The oceanic anoxic event in the Early Toarcian, often referred to as T-OAE, led to widespread deposition of organic-rich black shales and geochemical anomalies in elemental distribution and multiple isotope systems in the Early Jurassic ocean. Best characterized by its hallmark carbon isotope anomaly, the event is widely regarded as a prime example of rapid greenhouse warming-related changes in the Mesozoic Earth system. However, despite numerous studies, details of its forcing mechanisms, exact duration, and the role of regional effects remain debated. Here we present new data (high resolution organic carbon isotope, calcareous nannofossil and elemental geochemical analyses) from the black shale-bearing Lower Toarcian section in the Réka Valley, Hungary, with the aim of assessing any regional differences in the sedimentary and geochemical record and their bearing on the underlying oceanographic and climatic processes. Following a short segment with a positive trend at the base of the section, values of our carbon isotope data are turning to a negative trend with a steep, stepwise drop in two negative shifts, reaching their minimum before a positive trend with oscillations characterizing the top part of the section examined. The shape of the curve and nannoplankton biostratigraphy (recognition of zones NJ5b, NJ6 and NJ7) allow reliable correlation of our data with the global carbon isotope perturbation recorded elsewhere in the Early Toarcian. We propose here that it would be fitting to rename the T-OAE as the Jenkyns Event, to honour the seminal contributions of Hugh Jenkyns. Our cyclostratigraphic analysis suggests that the duration of the negative isotope excursion at Réka Valley is 200 kyr, 350 kyr, or 1 Myr, depending on which astronomical forcing parameter controls the most prominent cyclicity. Spectroscopic analyses suggest that the source of the organic matter, marine algae according to previous studies, did not change considerably during the main negative carbon isotope excursion. The variability observed in major element concentrations and enrichments relative to the average shale in the Réka Valley black shales can be regarded as mixtures of terrigenous aluminosilicates and calcium carbonate as two endmembers. Consequently, the terrigenous compositional endmember of the studied black shales consists of a mixture of an illitic/smectitic and a kaolinitic clay, supports previous suggestions of increased weathering under extremely humid climate in the hinterland during the Jenkyns Event.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: A folyóiratszám saját címe: Mesozoic climates and oceans
Uncontrolled Keywords: oceanic anoxic event; Early Jurassic; Toarcian; carbon isotopes; elemental geochemistry; cyclostratigraphy; nannoplankton biostratigraphy; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE05 Historical geology. Stratigraphy / Földtörténet, rétegtan
Depositing User: Piroska Pazonyi
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2021 13:43
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 14:14

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