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HNBR and its MWCNT reinforced nanocomposites : Crystalline morphology and electrical response

Psarras, G. C. and Sofos, G. A. and Vradis, A. and Anastassopoulos, D. L. and Georga, S. N. and Krontiras, C. A. and Karger-Kocsis, J. (2014) HNBR and its MWCNT reinforced nanocomposites : Crystalline morphology and electrical response. EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL, 54. pp. 190-199. ISSN 0014-3057 (Submitted)

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Abstract

Morphology and electrical response of hydrogenated acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR) and its multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforced nanocomposites were studied by means of x-ray diffraction and broadband dielectric spectroscopy. HNBR systems were found to be semi-crystalline, with their crystallinity to increase with the addition of MWCNTs. In their dielectric spectra, four relaxation processes were detected. Ascending in relaxation time, these were attributed to: (i) interfacial polarization at the interface of crystalline and amorphous regions of HNBR and at the interface between HNBR and MWCNTs, (ii) glass to rubber transition of the amorphous part of HNBR, (iii) rearrangement of polar side groups, such as –CN, and (iv) local motions of small segments of the main elastomer chain. Electrical conductivity increases with MWCNT content and frequency increasing. The effect of temperature, on the electrical response, is more pronounced at low frequencies. The temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity strongly deviates from a pure Arrhenius behavior, signifying that the occurring conductance mechanisms do not correspond to a single thermally activated process. Relaxation dynamics imply that crystalline regions exert motion restrictions to large segments of the macromolecules in the amorphous phase and to polar parts of the systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrogenated acrylonitrile butadiene rubber, nanocomposites, crystallinity, dielectric relaxations, conductivity, structure-property relations
Subjects: T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery / gépészmérnöki tudományok
Depositing User: Dr. Tamás Tábi
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2014 09:50
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2014 09:50
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/13480

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