Water channel of horseradish peroxidase studied by the charge-transfer absorption band of ferric heme

Zelent, B. and Kaposi, András Dezső and Nucci, N. V. and Sharp, K. A. and Dalosto, S. D. (2004) Water channel of horseradish peroxidase studied by the charge-transfer absorption band of ferric heme. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B - CONDENSED MATTER MATERIALS SURFACES INTERFACES AND BIOPHYSICAL, 108 (29). pp. 10317-10324. ISSN 1520-6106

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The heme of horseradish peroxidase is buried in the protein, but a channel from the protein surface connects the aqueous solution to the heme site. Ferric horseradish peroxidase has an absorption band at 640 nm that is attributed to a charge-transfer (CT) transition between the a(2u) HOMO of T electrons of the porphyrin ring and the d(xy)/d(yz) orbital of the ferric ion. Because the water channel extends to the Fe, it seems likely that the CT band will be sensitive to the hydration of the protein. To study this premise, the protein was incorporated into trehalose/sucrose glasses and the hydration of the sugar glasses was varied. Absorption spectra of HRP in sugar glasses and in glycerol/water were taken in the range 10-300 K. The CT absorption band shows vibronic fine structure. The peak positions are the same in hydrated sugar and glycerol/water but the peak positions change in desiccated sugar glass. The data suggest that in hydrated, but not desiccated, sugar glass, water is retained in the heme pocket. Binding of the competitive inhibitor benzohydroxamic acid to the protein increases the CT absorption and resolution. The effect of benzohydroxamic acid on the Fe as calculated using a combination of density functional theory and molecular mechanics is to stabilize the spin state 3/2 with respect to 5/2. At low temperature the widths of the lines in the CT band are narrower for the protein in glycerol/water (glass transition at similar to150 K) than in trehalose/sucrose (glass formation at 65 degreesC). This indicates that the CT band is inhomogeneously broadened and sensitive to the solvent. The spectral narrowing of the CT absorption occurs as the temperature decreases over the temperature range studied. Water, as indicated by the OH stretch, also shifts in this range. The findings are discussed in terms of how buried water and nearby charges can modulate the activity of the heme.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3020 Biophysics / biofizika
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 05:32
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 05:32

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