Cisplatin administration influences on toxic and non-essential element metabolism in rats

Szentmihályi, Klára and May, Zoltán and Szénási, Gábor and Máthé, Csaba and Sebestény, Andor and Albert, Mihály and Blázovics, Anna (2014) Cisplatin administration influences on toxic and non-essential element metabolism in rats. JOURNAL OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, 28 (3). pp. 317-321. ISSN 0946-672X

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Nowadays several papers deal with the effectiveness and side effects of metal complexes, especially cisplatin, in cancer therapy. The excretion of essential metal elements from the body is a serious problem in the treatment, but there are no data concerning the distribution and metabolism of toxic and nonessential elements. Therefore our aim was to study the concentration of some of these elements after treatment with cisplatin. Male Wistar rats (n=20, 175-190g) were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=10/group). The control group received 1% (w/v) methyl cellulose at 10mL/kg body weight, p.o. by gastric gavage twice daily for 14 days, while cisplatin was injected i.p. in a single dose of 6.5mg/kg body weight. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used for measuring Al, B, Ba, Cr, Li, Ni, Pb, Pt, Sb, Si, Sn, Sr and V content in plasma, liver and kidney. Liver total scavenger capacity, diene conjugate content and malondialdehyde concentration were also determined. Cisplatin elevated the free radical reactions in the liver, although redox balance did not change significantly. According to the study it seems that the metabolism of Al, Ba, Cr, Ni, Pb, Sr were changed by the effect of cisplatin, and the most notable alterations were found for Al and Pb. Therefore, besides the toxic effect of and free radical induction by Pt, the side effects of increased levels of other toxic and non-essential elements have to be taken into consideration. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2014 12:36
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2014 12:36

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