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Fracture characterisation using geoelectric null-arrays

Falco, Pierik and Negro, Francois and Szalai, Sándor and Milnes, Ellen (2013) Fracture characterisation using geoelectric null-arrays. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 93. pp. 33-42. ISSN 0926-9851, ESSN: 1879-1859

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Abstract

The term “geoelectric null-array” is used for direct current electrode configurations yielding a potential difference of zero above a homogeneous half-space. This paper presents a comparative study of the behaviour of three null-arrays, midpoint null-array (MAN), Wenner-γ null-array and Schlumberger null-array in response to a fracture, both in profiling and in azimuthal mode. The main objective is to determine which array(s) best localise fractures or best identify their orientation. Forward modelling of the three null-arrays revealed that the Wenner-γ and Schlumberger null-arrays localise vertical fractures the most accurately, whilst the midpoint null-array combined with the Schlumberger null-array allows accurate orientation of a fracture. Numerical analysis then served as a basis to interpret the field results. Field test measurements were carried out above a quarry in Les Breuleux (Switzerland) with the three null-arrays and classical arrays. The results were cross-validated with quarry-wall geological mapping. In real field circumstances, the Wenner-γ null-array proved to be the most efficient and accurate in localising fractures. The orientations of the fractures according to the numerical results were most efficiently determined with the midpoint null-array, whilst the Schlumberger null-array adds accuracy to the results. This study shows that geoelectrical null-arrays are more suitable than classical arrays for the characterisation of fracture geometry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: Geoelectric null-array, Numerical modelling, Azimuthal measurement, Fractures, Orientation
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE01 Geophysics / geofizika
Depositing User: Dr Sándor Szalai
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2014 07:13
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2014 07:13
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/14754

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