Neuronal-specific septin-3 binds Atg8/LC3B, accumulates and localizes to autophagosomes during induced autophagy

Tóth, Vilmos and Vadászi, Henrietta and Ravasz, Lilla and Mittli, Dániel Árpád and Mátyás, Dominik and Molnár, Tamás and Micsonai, András and Szaniszló, Tamás and Lőrincz, Péter and Kovács, Réka and Juhász, Gábor Dénes and Györffy, Balázs and Kékesi, Adrienna Katalin and Kardos, József (2022) Neuronal-specific septin-3 binds Atg8/LC3B, accumulates and localizes to autophagosomes during induced autophagy. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES, 79 (9). No. 471. ISSN 1420-682X

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In synapses that show signs of local apoptosis and mitochondrial stress and undergo neuro-immunological synapse pruning, an increase in the levels of the presynaptic protein, neuronal-specific septin-3 can be observed. Septin-3 is a member of the septin GTPase family with the ability to form multimers and contribute to the cytoskeleton. However, the function of septin-3 remains elusive. Here, we provide evidence that septin-3 is capable of binding the most-studied autophagy protein Atg8 homolog microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B), besides another homolog, GABA receptor-associated protein-like 2 (GABARAPL2). Moreover, we demonstrate that colocalization of septin-3 and LC3B increases upon chemical autophagy induction in primary neuronal cells. Septin-3 is accumulated in primary neurons upon autophagy enhancement or blockade, similar to autophagy proteins. Using electron microscopy, we also show that septin-3 localizes to LC3B positive membranes and can be found at mitochondria. However, colocalization results of septin-3 and the early mitophagy marker PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) do not support that binding of septin-3 to mitochondria is mitophagy related. We conclude that septin-3 correlates with synaptic/neuronal autophagy, binds Atg8 and localizes to autophagic membranes that can be enhanced with chemical autophagy induction. Based on our results, elevated septin-3 levels might indicate enhanced or impeded autophagy in neurons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Septin, LIR, Atg8, Autophagy, Synaptic pruning, Synaptic autophagy, Neuronal autophagy
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2022 13:25
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2022 13:25

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