Climate Change Induced Tree Mortality in a Relict Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Forest

Horváth, Adrienn and Lakatos, Ferenc and Szűcs, Péter and Ptocskai, Zoltán and Végh, Péter and Winkler, Dániel and Bidló, András and Gálos, Borbála (2022) Climate Change Induced Tree Mortality in a Relict Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Forest. ACTA SILVATICA ET LIGNARIA HUNGARICA: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IN FOREST, WOOD AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, 18 (1). pp. 25-40. ISSN 1786-691X


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Mortality appeared in a relict Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forest where the sandy pine forest association (Pinetum-Festuco vaginatae sylvestris) is unique in the Carpathian Basin. To identify the complex causes of tree mortality, we analysed the climatic and soil conditions completed with bryological and biotical (pests) surveys. Altogether the results show that unfavourable soil conditions (coarse sand) and increasing aridity have led to a decline in tree vitality. Bark beetles have a high population density in the stand, and they have colonised both the felled trap trees and the standing trees, where the beetles contributed to tree mortality. New spreading invasive moss species have appeared in the recently formed gaps, where crone projection is low. The disappearance of this relict forest stresses the urgent need for Hungarian forest management to prepare strategies for adaptive tree species selection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate extremes; Climate adaptation; Water holding capacity; damage chain; relict forest association;
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GE Environmental Sciences / környezettudomány
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 09:50
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 09:50

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