Effects of Red Mud on Plant Growth in an Artificial Soil Mixture

Heil, Bálint and Heilig, Dávid and Csanády, Viktória and Berta, Kinga and Kurdi, Róbert and Kovács, Gábor (2022) Effects of Red Mud on Plant Growth in an Artificial Soil Mixture. ACTA SILVATICA ET LIGNARIA HUNGARICA: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IN FOREST, WOOD AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, 18 (2). pp. 151-166. ISSN 1786-691X


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Transforming economies towards the increased circular use of raw materials and keeping resource consumption within planetary boundaries is a major challenge. In our previous research, we utilized sewage sludge to produce artificial soil mixtures well-suited to the biological recultivation of degraded areas. The present study investigated how we can integrate red mud, often considered waste, into this circular management form. With red mud volume ratios of 15% and 30%, we experienced good germination and growth in Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.), white poplar (Populus alba L.), black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) and the perennial multipurpose crop, Virginia mallow (Sida hermaphrodita L.). Our results indicate that it is worthwhile to scale up this cheap, economically and ecologically favourable combined waste recovery and mine reclamation technology and to expand its use to full-scale operation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Waste utilization; circular economy; mine recultivation;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 10:04
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 10:04

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