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Agriculture and Employement. The Results of the Transition in Hungarian Agriculture

Schlett, András and Beke, Judit (2014) Agriculture and Employement. The Results of the Transition in Hungarian Agriculture. Herald of Kyiv National University of Technology and Design, 75 (1). pp. 225-234. ISSN 1813-6796

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to review and analyse the Taylorist principles of labour organisation, a system that was adopted by the communist leadership and the ideologists of the soviet regime as well and that became the dominant practice in large scale farming in Hungary before the transition. The paper will focus on highlighting the factors that played a major role in determining the labour organisation of the industrialized agricultural holdings and will review the successes and failures of the development model together with the persistence of the principles in agricultural production after the transition. Following the transition in 1990, as a result of the changes in organisational structure and ownership, a highly problematical model came into existence. The past two decades have witnessed dramatic changes in agriculture since a rise in economic inactivity in rural areas and a significant decrease in labour-intensive crop production coincide. One of the more significant findings to emerge from this study is that in Hungary food industry plays a major role in providing stable rural employment and in ensuring food safety.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture, Taylorist labour organisation, rural employment,
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > S1 Agriculture (General) / mezőgazdaság általában
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: Dr András Schlett
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 02:09
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2014 02:09
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/15486

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