Effects of vitamin D3 derivative--calcitriol on pharmacological reactivity of aortic rings in a rodent PCOS model.

Masszi, G. and Novak, A. and Tarszabo, R. and Horváth, Eszter Mária and Buday, A. and Ruisanchez, Éva and Tőkés, Anna-Mária and Sara, L. and Benko, Rita and Nádasy, György László and Revesz, C. and Hamar, P. and Benyó, Zoltán and Várbíró, Szabolcs (2014) Effects of vitamin D3 derivative--calcitriol on pharmacological reactivity of aortic rings in a rodent PCOS model. Pharmacological Reports, 65 (2). pp. 476-483. ISSN 1734-1140

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the hyperandrogenic state in dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the vascular responses to different vasoactive agents, and the modulatory role of vitamin D3. METHODS: APCOS model was induced by DHT application in 20 female Wistar rats. Ten of the DHT treated rats simultaneously received calcitriol treatment. After 10 weeks, myographs were used to test the reactivity of isolated thoracic aortic rings to norepinephrine and acetylcholine. Thereafter, the vascular rings were incubated with the NO-synthase blocker (nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) or the cyclooxygenase inhibitor (indomethacin) for 20 min, and the effects of norepinephrine and acetylcholine were re-evaluated. RESULTS: Norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction was enhanced after DHT treatment, but this effect was attenuated by calcitriol administration. Vasorelaxation of DHT-treated thoracic aortic rings was impaired, but this could be partly reversed by calcitriol application. Impaired NO-dependent vasorelaxation in DHT-treated animals was mostly reversed by concomitant calcitriol administration, but this effect was diminished by prostanoid-dependent vasoconstriction. CONCLUSIONS: These studies show that the enhanced sensitivity to vasoconstrictors and impaired NO-dependent vasorelaxation in hyperandrogenic PCOS rats could be partially reversed by calcitriol treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RB Pathology / patológia, kórtan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RG Gynecology and obstetrics / nőgyógyászat, szülészet
Depositing User: Dr. Eszter M. Horváth
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 07:36
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2014 03:49

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