Subgroup-specific structural variation across 1,000 medulloblastoma genomes

Northcott, Paul A. and Shih, David J. H. and Peacock, John and Garzia, Livia and Morrissy, Sorana and Bognár, László and Klekner, Álmos (2012) Subgroup-specific structural variation across 1,000 medulloblastoma genomes. Nature, 488 (7409). pp. 49-56. ISSN 0028-0836

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Abstract Medulloblastoma, the most common malignant paediatric brain tumour, is currently treated with nonspecific cytotoxic therapies including surgery, whole-brain radiation, and aggressive chemotherapy. As medulloblastoma exhibits marked intertumoural heterogeneity, with at least four distinct molecular variants, previous attempts to identify targets for therapy have been underpowered because of small samples sizes. Here we report somatic copy number aberrations (SCNAs) in 1,087 unique medulloblastomas. SCNAs are common in medulloblastoma, and are predominantly subgroup-enriched. The most common region of focal copy number gain is a tandem duplication of SNCAIP, a gene associated with Parkinson's disease, which is exquisitely restricted to Group 4α. Recurrent translocations of PVT1, including PVT1-MYC and PVT1-NDRG1, that arise through chromothripsis are restricted to Group 3. Numerous targetable SCNAs, including recurrent events targeting TGF-β signalling in Group 3, and NF-κB signalling in Group 4, suggest future avenues for rational, targeted therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: Dr. Álmos Klekner
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2014 09:56
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2014 10:59

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