Sellyei, Boglárka and Varga, Zsuzsanna and Paulus, Petra and Papp, Melitta and Székely, Csaba (2014) COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AEROMONAS SPECIES ISOLATED FROM FRESHWATER FISH AND HUMAN CLINICAL SPECIMENS. In: Magyar Mikrobiológiai Társaság 2014. évi Nagygyűlése, 2014.okt 15-17, Keszthely. (Submitted)


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Aeromonas species are oxidase- and catalase-positive, glucose-fermenting, facultative anaerobic, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria. They are autochthonous to aquatic environments worldwide and have long been recognized as occasional pathogens. These bacteria have a broad host spectrum, with both cold- and warm-blooded animals, including man. In fish, they cause haemorrhagic septicaemia, fin rot, soft tissue rot and furunculosis. In humans, the most common clinical manifestations of Aeromonads infection are diarrhoea, gastroenteritis. In addition, they have role in induction of primary and secondary septicaemia in immunocompromised persons, wound infections in healthy individuals, and number of less well described illnesses such as endocarditis, peritonitis, meningitis, and infection of the eyes (corneal ulcers), joints, and bones. The genus Aeromonas consists of 31 species and is classified historically two main groups: non-motile, psychrophilic species, best represented by A. salmonicida, which generally responsible for fish and reptiles infection and a large group of motile mesophilic aeromonads which are associated with both piscine and human diseases. The literature data suggest that the vast majority (≥85%) of clinical isolates attributed to three mesophilic Aeromonas species (A. hydrophila, A. caviae, and A. veronii). Since the available data suggest that they are the most frequently motile species in the diseased fish as well, aim of our study was to carry out comparative studies on some Aeromonas strains isolated from human clinical specimens (stool) and freshwater fishes (catfish, pike, sturgeon, eel). The studied species were A. hydrophila, A. caviae, A. veronii and some closely related spp. (A. media, A. sobria). The traditional identification of strains was verified with sequence-analysis. For the detection of the occurrence of different virulence genes (lateral flagella, DNase, nuclease, serine protease, lipases, and toxins) was carried out with PCR, of the antimicrobial sensitivity (ampicillin, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, gentamicin, enrofloxacin, erythromycin, oxytetracycline, furazolidone, cotrimoxazole, polymyxin B) was applied the disc diffusion technique and of the pathogenicity with in vivo assay was studied. Although, the results have not been able to reveal significant differences between piscine and human isolates at the studied features, the occurrence of variety virulence genes proved to be typical of each species or closely related species. These differences also manifested during the pathogenicity assays. The strains were characterised by inherited ampicillin resistance and moderate variances in the antimicrobial sensitivity against chloramphenicol, enrofloxacin. All strains were characterised by inherited ampicillin resistance and moderate differences were detectable in their antimicrobial susceptibility to erythromycin, oxytetracycline, and cotrimoxazole. Since the majority of human infection related to the aquatic environments, the similarity of Aeromonas isolates from fishes and man is reasonable. However, further studies are needed to clearly define the role of each species in the different type of piscine and human diseases.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: Boglárka Sellyei
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 15:39
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2017 15:27

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