Delineating the twin role of autophagy in lung cancer

Zhang, Shaoqin and Qian, Ye and Ye, Luhai (2023) Delineating the twin role of autophagy in lung cancer. BIOLOGIA FUTURA, 74 (1-2). pp. 119-135. ISSN 2676-8615 (print); 2676-8607 (online)

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Autophagy represents an intracellular defense mechanism equipped within each eukaryotic cells to enable them to cope with variety of physical, chemical, and biological stresses. This mechanism helps to restore the homeostasis and preserve the cellular integrity and function of the cells. In these conditions, such as hypoxia, nutrient deprivation, inhibition of protein synthesis or microbial attack, the process of autophagy is upregulated to maintain cellular homeostasis. The role of autophagy in cancer is an intriguing topic which needs further exploration. This process of autophagy has been many times referred as a double-edged sword in the process of tumorigenesis. In the initial stages, it may act as a tumor suppressor and enable to quench the damaged organelles and harmful molecules generated. In more advanced stages, autophagy has been shown to act as a tumor-promoting system as it may help the cancer cells to cope better with stressful microenvironments. Besides this, autophagy has been associated with development of resistance to anticancer drugs as well as promoting the immune evasion in cancer cells, representing a serious obstacle in cancer treatment and its outcome. Also, autophagy is associated with hallmarks of cancer that may lead to activation of invasion and metastasis. The information on this twin role needs further exploration and deeper understanding of the pathways involved. In this review, we discuss the various aspects of autophagy during tumor development, from early to late stages of tumor growth. Both the protective role of autophagy in preventing tumor growth and the underlying mechanisms adopted with evidence from past studies have been detailed. Further, the role of autophagy in conferring resistance to distinct lung cancer treatment and immune shielding properties has also been discussed. This is essential for further improving on treatment outcome and success rates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autophagy, Lung cancer, Tumor, Tumorigenesis
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: Beáta Bavalicsné Kerekes
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2023 06:58
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2023 06:58

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