Hierarchical organization and structural flexibility of thylakoid membranes

Garab, Győző (2014) Hierarchical organization and structural flexibility of thylakoid membranes. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOENERGETICS, 1837 (4). pp. 481-494. ISSN 0005-2728

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Chloroplast thylakoid membranes accommodate densely packed protein complexes in ordered, often semi-crystalline arrays and are assembled into highly organized multilamellar systems, an organization warranting a substantial degree of stability. At the same time, they exhibit remarkable structural flexibility, which appears to play important - yet not fully understood - roles in different short-term adaptation mechanisms in response to rapidly changing environmental conditions. In this review I will focus on dynamic features of the hierarchically organized photosynthetic machineries at different levels of structural complexity: (i) isolated light harvesting complexes, (ii) molecular macroassemblies and supercomplexes, (iii) thylakoid membranes and (iv) their multilamellar membrane systems. Special attention will be paid to the most abundant systems, the major light harvesting antenna complex, LHCII, and to grana. Two physical mechanisms, which are less frequently treated in the literature, will receive special attention: (i) thermo-optic mechanism -elementary structural changes elicited by ultrafast local heat transients due to the dissipation of photon energy, which operates both in isolated antenna assemblies and the native thylakoid membranes, regulates important enzymatic functions and appears to play role in light adaptation and photoprotection mechanisms; and (ii) the mechanism by which non-bilayer lipids and lipid phases play key role in the functioning of xanthophyll cycle de-epoxidases and are proposed to regulate the protein-to-lipid ratio in thylakoid membranes and contribute to membrane dynamics. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Dynamic and ultrastructure of bioenergetic membranes and their components. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: THYLAKOID MEMBRANE; Thermo-optic mechanism; Small angle neutron scattering; Non-bilayer lipid; LHCII; Circular Dichroism
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3020 Biophysics / biofizika
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2014 12:56
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:56

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