Accelerated cerebromicrovascular senescence contributes to cognitive decline in a mouse model of paclitaxel (Taxol)-induced chemobrain

Ahire, Chetan and Nyúl-Tóth, Ádám and DelFavero, Jordan and Gulej, Rafal and Faakye, Janet A. and Tarantini, Stefano and Kiss, Tamás and Kuan-Celarier, Anna and Balasubramanian, Priya and Ungvari, Anna and Tarantini, Amber and Nagaraja, Raghavendra and Yan, Feng and Tang, Qinggong and Mukli, Péter and Csípő, Tamás and Yabluchanskiy, Andriy and Campisi, Judith and Ungvári, Zoltán István and Csiszar, Anna (2023) Accelerated cerebromicrovascular senescence contributes to cognitive decline in a mouse model of paclitaxel (Taxol)-induced chemobrain. AGING CELL, 22 (7). No-e13832. ISSN 1474-9718

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Chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment ("chemobrain") is a frequent side-effect in cancer survivors treated with paclitaxel (PTX). The mechanisms responsible for PTX-induced cognitive impairment remain obscure, and there are no effective treatments or prevention strategies. Here, we test the hypothesis that PTX induces endothelial senescence, which impairs microvascular function and contributes to the genesis of cognitive decline. We treated transgenic p16-3MR mice, which allows the detection and selective elimination of senescent cells, with PTX (5 mg/kg/day, 2 cycles; 5 days/cycle). PTX-treated and control mice were tested for spatial memory performance, neurovascular coupling (NVC) responses (whisker-stimulation-induced increases in cerebral blood flow), microvascular density, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and the presence of senescent endothelial cells (by flow cytometry and single-cell transcriptomics) at 6 months post-treatment. PTX induced senescence in endothelial cells, which associated with microvascular rarefaction, NVC dysfunction, BBB disruption, neuroinflammation, and impaired performance on cognitive tasks. To establish a causal relationship between PTX-induced senescence and impaired microvascular functions, senescent cells were depleted from PTX-treated animals (at 3 months post-treatment) by genetic (ganciclovir) or pharmacological (treatment with the senolytic drug ABT263/Navitoclax) means. In PTX treated mice, both treatments effectively eliminated senescent endothelial cells, rescued endothelium-mediated NVC responses and BBB integrity, increased capillarization and improved cognitive performance. Our findings suggest that senolytic treatments can be a promising strategy for preventing chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging, chemotherapy, chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment, dementia, functional hyperemia, senescence, vascular cognitive impairment
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában > R850-854 Experimental medicine / kisérleti orvostudomány
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2023 09:58
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2023 09:58

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