The neuropeptide galanin is a novel inhibitor of human hair growth

Holub, B. S. and Kloepper, J. E. and Tóth, Balázs István and Bíró, Tamás and Kofler, B. (2012) The neuropeptide galanin is a novel inhibitor of human hair growth. BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, 167 (1). pp. 10-16. ISSN 0007-0963

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Background: Galanin is a trophic factor of the central and peripheral nervous system that shows widespread distribution in human skin. However, the exact localization and the role of galanin in the hair follicle (HF) remain to be clarified. Objectives: To characterize galanin expression in human scalp HFs and to examine the effects of galanin on normal human scalp HF growth in organ culture. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was performed on cryosections of human female scalp skin. Anagen HFs were microdissected and cultured up to 9 days and treated with 100 nmol L -1 galanin. Staining for Ki-67, TUNEL and Masson-Fontana were used to analyse proliferation, apoptosis and hair cycle staging of the HFs. Functional effects of galanin were tested in serum-free HF organ culture. Results: Galanin-like immunoreactivity was detected in the outer root sheath (ORS) and inner root sheath. Additionally, galanin mRNA was detected in ORS keratinocytes and all HF samples tested. Galanin receptor transcripts (GalR2, GalR3) were also detected in selected samples. Galanin reduced proliferation of hair matrix keratinocytes in situ compared with vehicle-treated controls, shortened the hair growth phase (anagen) in vitro and reduced hair shaft elongation. This was accompanied by the premature development of a catagen-like morphology of galanin-treated HFs. Conclusions: We present the first evidence that human HFs are both a source and a functionally relevant target of galanin. Due to its hair growth-inhibitory properties in vitro, galanin application deserves further exploration as a potential new treatment strategy for unwanted hair growth (hirsutism, hypertrichosis). © 2012 The Authors BJD © 2012 British Association of Dermatologists 2012.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Middle Aged; Male; Ki-67 Antigen; Humans; HAIR; Growth Inhibitors; Cells, Cultured; SKIN; SCALP; PROTEIN FUNCTION; protein expression; priority journal; organ culture; nick end labeling; Microdissection; Keratinocyte; in vitro study; IMMUNOREACTIVITY; IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY; human tissue; human; hair root; hair growth; hair follicle; growth inhibition; genetic transcription; Female; culture medium; controlled study; cell proliferation; ARTICLE; APOPTOSIS; Adult; messenger rna; Ki 67 antigen; galanin receptor 3; galanin receptor 2; GALANIN
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RL Dermatology / bőrgyógyászat
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 21:20
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2015 21:20

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