Heterogeneity of Bordetella bronchiseptica adenylate cyclase (cyaA) RTX domain

Wehmann, Enikő and Khayer, Bernadett and Magyar, Tibor (2015) Heterogeneity of Bordetella bronchiseptica adenylate cyclase (cyaA) RTX domain. Archives of Microbiology, 197 (1). pp. 105-112. ISSN 0302-8933

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Bordetella bronchiseptica is a widespread pathogen, with a broad host range, occasionally including humans. Diverse virulence factors (adhesins, toxins) allow its adaptation to its host, but this property of the adenylate cyclase (cyaA) toxin is not well understood. In this study, we analyzed the repeats-in-toxin domain of B. bronchiseptica cyaA with PCR, followed by restriction fragment length analysis. Of ninety-two B. bronchiseptica strains collected from different hosts and geographic regions, 72 (78.3%) carried cyaA and four RFLP types (A-D) were established using NarI and SalI. However, in 20 strains, cyaA was replaced with a peptide transport protein operon. A phylogenetic tree based on partial nucleotide sequences of cyaA revealed that group 2 contains strains of specifically human origin, whereas subgroup 1a contains all but one of the strains from pigs. The human strains showed many PCR-RFLP and sequence variants, confirming the clonal population structure of B. bronchiseptica.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: Dr. Enikő Wehmann
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2015 07:53
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2015 07:53

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