Microencapsulation of n-hexadecane phase change material by ethyl cellulose polymer

Feczkó, Tivadar and Fodorné Kardos, Andrea and Németh, Bence and Trif, László and Gyenis, János (2014) Microencapsulation of n-hexadecane phase change material by ethyl cellulose polymer. POLYMER BULLETIN, 71 (12). pp. 3289-3304. ISSN 0170-0839


Download (1MB) | Preview


Microencapsulation of phase change materials (PCMs) is an attractive opportunity for broadening their applications. In this respect, a novel encapsulating polymer, ethyl cellulose (EC) was used to entrap n-hexadecane (HD) PCM by an emulsion-solvent evaporation method. Emulsifiers strongly influenced the size and morphology of the forming EC-HD composite microcapsules, and they also had a great impact on their thermal properties. All of the three emulsifiers were suitable to prepare quasi core-shell microparticles, though the high porosity of shells resulted in serious leakage in composites prepared by Tween 80, and permeability of particles manufactured by poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), as can be stated from scanning electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry analysis. Interfacial tension measurements and spreading coefficient analysis enabled the prediction of preparation conditions for usable core-shell microcapsules. Volume-weighted mean diameters of the microparticles were 319, 92 and 85 mu m formed by Tween 80, PVA and poly(methacrylic acid sodium salt) (PMAA), respectively. A significantly higher HD content and latent heat storage capacity could be achieved using PVA and PMAA than with Tween 80. The thermal cycling test indicated good thermal reliability of microcapsules prepared by PMAA, while the energy-storing capacity of composites prepared by PVA decreased substantially, and a dramatic reduction was found in microparticles using Tween 80.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: surfactant; STORAGE; Ethylcellulose; Microcapsules; Thermal reversibility; Latent heat; ethyl cellulose; microencapsulation; Phase change material
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 13:58
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2016 00:15

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item