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Increased placental expression of cannabinoid receptor 1 in preeclampsia

Fügedi, Gergely and Molnár, Miklós and Rigó, János and Schönléber, Julianna and Kovalszky, Ilona and Molvarec, Attila (2014) Increased placental expression of cannabinoid receptor 1 in preeclampsia. BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 14. p. 395. ISSN 1471-2393

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Abstract

Background: The endocannabinoid system plays a key role in female reproduction, including implantation, decidualization and placentation. In the present study, we aimed to analyze cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), CB2 and fatty acid amid hydrolase (FAAH) expressions and localization in normal and preeclamptic placenta, in order to determine whether placental endocannabinoid expression pattern differs between normal pregnancy and preeclampsia. | Methods: Eighteen preeclamptic patients and 18 normotensive, healthy pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies were involved in our case inverted question markcontrol study. We determined CB1, CB2 and FAAH expressions by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry in placental samples collected directly after Cesarean section. | Results: CB1 expression semi-quantified by Western blotting was significantly higher in preeclamptic placenta, and these findings were confirmed by immunohistochemistry. CB1 immunoreactivity was markedly stronger in syncytiotrophoblasts, the mesenchymal core, decidua, villous capillary endothelial and smooth muscle cells, as well as in the amnion in preeclamptic samples compared to normal pregnancies. However, we did not find significant differences between preeclamptic and normal placenta in terms of CB2 and FAAH expressions and immunoreactivity. | Conclusions: We observed markedly higher expression of CB1 protein in preeclamptic placental tissue. Increased CB1 expression might cause abnormal decidualization and impair trophoblast invasion, thus being involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Nevertheless, we did not find significant differences between preeclamptic and normal placental tissue regarding CB2 and FAAH expressions. While the detailed pathogenesis of preeclampsia is still unclear, the endocannabinoid system could play a role in the development of the disease.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RG Gynecology and obstetrics / nőgyógyászat, szülészet
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 14:53
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 14:53
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/26186

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