Mechanistic insights into the transcriptional arrest in the presence of Double Strand Breaks

Pankotai, Tibor (2014) Mechanistic insights into the transcriptional arrest in the presence of Double Strand Breaks. In: Danube Epigenetics conference, Budapest.


Download (70kB) | Preview


Double-strand breaks (DSBs) occur frequently in the genome during genome replication or by DNA damaging agents. DNA lesions affect fundamental DNA-dependent nuclear processes such as replication and transcription. We have developed an experimental system where DSBs are induced at coding regions of RNA polymerase II transcribing genes. We have started to study the kinetics of RNA polymerase II transcription inhibition in the presence of DNA breaks. We observed that induction of the break led to transcription inhibition and the restoration of transcription closely followed the dynamics of the repair of breaks. We confirmed by chromatin-immunoprecipitation that the break induction led to displacement of RNA polymerase II affecting both the elongation and the initiation of transcription. Our results show that this is dependent on one of the major kinase in DNA damage repair called DNAPKcs. We also investigated the downstream steps of RNA polymerase II removal and we claimed that it was a multistep process involving additional kinases and ubiquitin ligases NEDD4 and CUL3. At the last step of break dependent transcriptional silencing the RNA polymerase II is targeted for proteasome dependent degradation. These data demonstrate that the DNA damage repair complexes and proteasomal system have a synergistic and active role in transcriptional silencing during the DSB repair by removing the RNA pol II from the transcribing region. We show here that DNA lesions occurring at transcribed regions cause a transient repression until the lesion is repaired. This is probably a cell defense mechanism to avoid production of truncated or mutated transcripts in essential genes whose alterations in their gene expression would endanger cell viability. Understudying the role of DNAPKcs, in preventing RNA pol II bypassing a DSB might be a key in avoiding the production of mutated transcripts that could lead to cancerous phenotypes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr Pankotai Tibor
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2015 07:47
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2015 07:47

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item