Complement activation and its prognostic role in post-cardiac arrest patients

Jenei, Zsigmond and Zima, Endre István and Csuka, Dorottya and Munthe-Fog, L. and Hein, E. and Széplaki, Gábor and Becker, Dávid and Karádi, István and Prohászka, Zoltán and Merkely, Béla Péter (2014) Complement activation and its prognostic role in post-cardiac arrest patients. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 79 (6). pp. 404-409. ISSN 0300-9475


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Cardiac arrest causes generalized ischemia/hypoxia, and subsequent resuscitation inflicts reperfusion injury, the pathology of which is not fully understood. Moreover, predicting the prognosis of comatose, post-cardiac-arrest patients is a complex clinical challenge. We hypothesized that the extent of complement activation might be a reliable predictor of mortality in this population. Forty-six comatose cardiac arrest patients were enrolled into our prospective cohort study, conducted in a tertiary care university clinic. All subjects were cooled to 32-34 degrees C body temperature for 24 hours and then, allowed to rewarm to normothermia. All patients underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. On admission, at 6 and at 24 hrs, blood samples were taken from the arterial catheter. In these, complement products (C3a, C3, C4d, C4, SC5b9, and Bb) were measured by ELISA in blood samples. Patients were followed-up for 30 days; 22 patients (47.8%) died by the end of this period. We observed that complement activation (determined as the C3a to C3 ratio) was higher in non-survivors than in survivors at each time point. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, the C3a/C3 ratio determined 24 hours after the initiation of therapeutic hypothermia predicted 30-day mortality regardless of age, sex, and the APACHE II score. Complement activation occurs in post-cardiac arrest patients, and its extent correlates with 30-day survival. The C3a/C3 ratio might prove useful for estimating the prognosis of comatose post-cardiac-arrest patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2015 15:24
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2015 15:24

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