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Baseline Characteristics and Disease Phenotype In Inflammatory Bowel Disease Results of A Paediatric IBD Cohort.

Müller, Katalin E and Lakatos, Peter L and Kovacs, Judit B and Arato, Andras and Varkonyi, Agnes and Nemes, Eva and Tarnok, Andras and Toth, Gergely and Papp, Maria and Solyom, Eniko and Horvath, Agnes and Guthy, Ildiko and Kovacs, Marta and Veres, Gabor (2016) Baseline Characteristics and Disease Phenotype In Inflammatory Bowel Disease Results of A Paediatric IBD Cohort. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, 62 (1). pp. 50-55. ISSN 1536-4801

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS Predicting short-term relapses and long-term prognosis is of outmost importance in paediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Our aim was to investigate the short-term disease outcome and medication during the first year in a paediatric incident cohort from Hungary. In addition, association laboratory markers and disease activity indices with short-term disease outcome and medication were analysed. METHODS From January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2010 demographic data and clinical characteristics of newly diagnosed paediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients younger than 18 years of age were prospectively recorded. RESULTS A total of 420 patients were identified [Crohn's disease: 266; ulcerative colitis 124]. Initially, 48% (124/256) of Crohn's disease patients had moderate to severe disease (PCDAI>31), and this rate decreased to 2.1% at one-year follow-up. Proportion of ulcerative colitis patients with moderate to severe disease (PUCAI>35) at diagnosis declined from 57.5% (69/120) to 6.8% at one-year follow-up. Terminal ileal involvement correlated with higher initial CRP (p = 0.021) and initial PCDAI (p = 0.026). In ulcerative colitis, elevated CRP (p = 0.002) was associated with disease extension. CRP and PCDAI at diagnosis were associated with the need for immunomodulators at one year in children with Crohn's disease. Initial CRP was also associated with the need for immunomodulators in patients with ulcerative colitis at one-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS At diagnosis half of the patients with inflammatory bowel disease had moderate to severe disease and this rate decreased to less than 10% after one year. Initial CRP and PCDAI were related to the need for aggressive therapy in Crohn's disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat
Depositing User: Dr Mária/M Papp
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2015 23:12
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 11:37
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/28094

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