Subcellular compartmentation of ascorbate and its variation in disease states

Bánhegyi, Gábor and Benedetti, Angelo and Margittai, Eva and Marcolongo, Paola and Fulceri, Rosella and Németh, Csilla E and Szarka, András (2014) Subcellular compartmentation of ascorbate and its variation in disease states. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 1843 (9). pp. 1909-1916. ISSN 0006-3002

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Beyond its general role as antioxidant, specific functions of ascorbate are compartmentalized within the eukaryotic cell. The list of organelle-specific functions of ascorbate has been recently expanded with the epigenetic role exerted as a cofactor for DNA and histone demethylases in the nucleus. Compartmentation necessitates the transport through intracellular membranes; members of the GLUT family and sodium-vitamin C cotransporters mediate the permeation of dehydroascorbic acid and ascorbate, respectively. Recent observations show that increased consumption and/or hindered entrance of ascorbate in/to a compartment results in pathological alterations partially resembling to scurvy, thus diseases of ascorbate compartmentation can exist. The review focuses on the reactions and transporters that can modulate ascorbate concentration and redox state in three compartments: endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and nucleus. By introducing the relevant experimental and clinical findings we make an attempt to coin the term of ascorbate compartmentation disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr. Éva Margittai
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2016 12:17
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2016 12:17

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