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Septoglomus fuscum and S. furcatum, two new species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota)

Blaszkowski, J. and Chwat, G. and Kovacs, G. M. and Gaspar, B. K. and Ryszka, P. and Orlowska, E. and Pagano, M. C. and Araujo, F. S. and Wubet, T. and Buscot, F. (2013) Septoglomus fuscum and S. furcatum, two new species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota). Mycologia, 105 (3). pp. 670-680. ISSN 0027-5514

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Abstract

Two new arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal species, (Glomeromycota) Septoglomus fuscum and S. furcatum , are described and illustrated. Spores of S. fuscum usually occur in loose hypogeous clusters, rarely singly in soil or inside roots, and S. furcatum forms only single spores in soil. Spores of S. fuscum are brownish orange to dark brown, globose to subglobose, (20–)47(–90) m m diam, rarely ovoid, 21–50 3 23–60 m m. Their spore wall consists of a semi-persistent, semi-flexible, orange white to golden yellow, rarely hyaline, outer layer, easily separating from a laminate, smooth, brownish orange to dark brown inner layer. Spores of S. furcatum are reddish brown to dark brown, globose to subglobose, (106–) 138(–167) m m diam, rarely ovoid, 108–127 3 135– 160 m m, usually with one subtending hypha that is frequently branched below the spore base, or occasionally with two subtending hyphae located close together. Spore walls consists of a semi-per- manent, hyaline to light orange outermost layer, a semipermanent, hyaline to golden yellow middle layer, and a laminate, smooth, reddish brown to dark brown innermost layer. None of the spore-wall layers of S. fuscum and S. furcatum stain in Melzer’s reagent. In the field, S. fuscum was associated with roots of Arctotheca populifolia colonizing maritime dunes located near Strand in South Africa and S. furcatum was associated with Cordia oncocalyx growing in a dry forest in the Ceara ́ State, Brazil. In single-species cultures with Plantago lanceolata as host plant, S. fuscum and S. furcatum formed arbuscular mycorrhi- zae. Phylogenetic analyses of the SSU, ITS and LSU nrDNA sequences placed the two new species in genus Septoglomus and both new taxa were separated from described Septoglomus species. Keywords: arbuscular fungi, Glomeromycota, molecular phylogeny, mycorrhizae, new species.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan
Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: Dr. Gábor M. Kovács
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 14:16
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 14:16
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/29091

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