Eptifibatide-induced thrombocytopenia leading to acute stent thrombosis

Dézsi, Döme and Bokori, György and Faluközy, József and Bujáki, Csaba and Fogarassy, György and Veress, Gábor and Aradi, Dániel (2016) Eptifibatide-induced thrombocytopenia leading to acute stent thrombosis. Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis, 41 (3). pp. 522-524. ISSN 0929-5305

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A 71-year old female patient with inferior ST- elevation myocardial infarction underwent primary percu- taneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 3 h of symptom onset. She was preloaded with 300 mg aspirin and 600 mg clopidogrel before PCI. Coronary angiogram showed occlusion of the right coronary artery. During PCI, eptifi- batide was initiated due to the large thrombus burden. Few hours after the procedure, on eptifibatide infusion, a severe drop in platelet count was observed (from 210,000/ll to 35,000/ll) and the infusion was discontinued. One hour later, still under eptifibatide effect and with severe throm- bocytopenia, acute stent thrombosis developed. Lack of prior heparin exposure, quick onset of thrombocytopenia made heparin induced thrombocytopenia improbable that was later excluded by specific immunoassay. However, platelet function testing suggested that eptifibatide induced thrombocytopenia was mediated by activating autoanti- bodies since platelet reactivity was paradoxically very high at the time of stent thrombosis but decreased radically with eptifibatide washout. The patient was successfully man- aged without further complications on the basis of platelet function data obtained in the subsequent days. This rare subtype of thrombocytopenia highlights that not only pla- telet count but also platelet function should be closely monitored in case of severe thrombocytopenia to better balance bleeding and thrombosis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr Dániel Aradi
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 10:46
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2016 16:53

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