Microfluidic study of the chemotactic response of Escherichia coli to amino acids, signaling molecules and secondary metabolites

Nagy, Krisztina and Sipos, Orsolya and Valkai, Sándor and Gombai, É. and Hodula, O. and Kerényi, Ádám and Ormos, Pál and Galajda, Péter (2015) Microfluidic study of the chemotactic response of Escherichia coli to amino acids, signaling molecules and secondary metabolites. BIOMICROFLUIDICS, 9 (4). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1932-1058


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Quorum sensing and chemotaxis both affect bacterial behavior on the population level. Chemotaxis shapes the spatial distribution of cells, while quorum sensing realizes a cell-density dependent gene regulation. An interesting question is if these mechanisms interact on some level: Does quorum sensing, a density dependent process, affect cell density itself via chemotaxis? Since quorum sensing often spans across species, such a feedback mechanism may also exist between multiple species. We constructed a microfluidic platform to study these questions. A flow-free, stable linear chemical gradient is formed in our device within a few minutes that makes it suitable for sensitive testing of chemoeffectors: we showed that the amino acid lysine is a weak chemoattractant for Escherichia coli, while arginine is neutral. We studied the effect of quorum sensing signal molecules of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on E. coli chemotaxis. Our results show that N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-homoserine lactone (oxo-C12-HSL) and N-(butryl)-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL) are attractants. Furthermore, we tested the chemoeffector potential of pyocyanin and pyoverdine, secondary metabolites under a quorum sensing control. Pyocyanin is proved to be a weak attractant while pyoverdine are repellent. We demonstrated the usability of the device in co-culturing experiments, where we showed that various factors released by P. aeruginosa affect the dynamic spatial rearrangement of a neighboring E. coli population, while surface adhesion of the cells is also modulated. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacteria (microorganisms); METABOLITES; Signaling molecules; SECONDARY METABOLITES; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Microfluidic platforms; Homoserine lactones; Feedback mechanisms; Chemotactic response; Chemical gradients; MOLECULES; Microfluidics; ESTERS; Escherichia coli; enzyme kinetics; Cytology; CELLS; BIOCHEMISTRY; amino acids
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2015 12:49
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2015 12:49

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