Appearance of fast astrocytic component in voltage-sensitive dye imaging of neural activity.

Pál, Ildikó and Kardos, Julianna and Dobolyi, Arpád and Héja, László (2015) Appearance of fast astrocytic component in voltage-sensitive dye imaging of neural activity. MOLECULAR BRAIN, 8. p. 35. ISSN 1756-6606


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BACKGROUND: Voltage-sensitive dye (VSD) imaging and intrinsic optical signals (IOS) are widely used methods for monitoring spatiotemporal neural activity in extensive networks. In spite of that, identification of their major cellular and molecular components has not been concluded so far. RESULTS: We addressed these issues by imaging spatiotemporal spreading of IOS and VSD transients initiated by Schaffer collateral stimulation in rat hippocampal slices with temporal resolution comparable to standard field potential recordings using a 464-element photodiode array. By exploring the potential neuronal and astroglial molecular players in VSD and IOS generation, we identified multiple astrocytic mechanisms that significantly contribute to the VSD signal, in addition to the expected neuronal targets. Glutamate clearance through the astroglial glutamate transporter EAAT2 has been shown to be a significant player in VSD generation within a very short (<5 ms) time-scale, indicating that astrocytes do contribute to the development of spatiotemporal VSD transients previously thought to be essentially neuronal. In addition, non-specific anion channels, astroglial K(+) clearance through Kir4.1 channel and astroglial Na(+)/K(+) ATPase also contribute to IOS and VSD transients. CONCLUSION: VSD imaging cannot be considered as a spatially extended field potential measurement with predominantly neuronal origin, instead it also reflects a fast communication between neurons and astrocytes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 15:34
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 15:34

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