Novel calretinin and reelin expressing neuronal population includes Cajal-Retzius-type cells in the neocortex of adult pigs

Ábrahám, Hajnalka and Tóth, Z. and Bari, Ferenc and Domoki, Ferenc and Seress, László (2005) Novel calretinin and reelin expressing neuronal population includes Cajal-Retzius-type cells in the neocortex of adult pigs. Neuroscience, 136 (1). pp. 217-230. ISSN 0306-4522

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Cajal-Retzius cells and their secreted product reelin are essential for the lamination of the cerebral cortex. In all species studied to date Cajal-Retzius cells form a transient neuronal population that almost completely disappears from the neocortex postnatally. Recently, in the hippocampal for- mation of adult domestic pig, we have found a large calreti- nin- and reelin-immunoreactive cell population that morpho- logically corresponded to Cajal-Retzius cells. In the present study, we examined calretinin- and reelin- immunoreactive neurons in layer I of the prefrontal, temporal, parietal and occipital neocortical areas of newborn, young adult and adult domestic pigs. Large numbers of bipolar or fusiform calretinin-positive cells were found in the upper half of layer I in all examined age groups. The morphology of these neurons resembled that of the Cajal-Retzius cells. Layer I was occupied by a dense calretinin-positive axonal plexus that was similar to the previously described axons of Cajal-Retzius cells in other species. In a similar location, where calretinin-positive cells occurred in layer I, large numbers of reelin-immunoreactive cells were found in all examined age groups. In addition, reelin colocalized with calretinin in layer I neurons. The number of calretinin and reelin-positive neurons decreased from 1 day to one year, but calretinin-positive Cajal-Retzius-type cells still comprised a remarkable large population in 12-month-old animals. Correlated light and electron microscopic examination of calretinin-labeled Cajal-Retzius-type cells indicated that these cells are integrated in the synaptic circuitry of the neocortex. Our results suggest that Cajal-Retzius cells do not disap- pear inevitably from the mature neocortex in all mammalian species. The function of this cell type is not known, but late persisting Cajal-Retzius-type cells in the domestic pig provide an opportunity to study their neuronal connections and the possible role of reelin in plasticity and regeneration of neocortex.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RZ Other systems of medicine / orvostudomány egyéb területei
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2012 13:20
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2012 13:20

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