Probability density functions for the variable solar wind near the solar cycle minimum

Vörös, Z. and Leitner, M. and Narita, Y. and Consolini, G. and Kovács, P. and Lichtenberger, János (2015) Probability density functions for the variable solar wind near the solar cycle minimum. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH A: SPACE PHYSICS, 120 (8). pp. 6152-6166. ISSN 2169-9380


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Unconditional and conditional statistics are used for studying the histograms of magnetic field multiscale fluctuations in the solar wind near the solar cycle minimum in 2008. The unconditional statistics involves the magnetic data during the whole year in 2008. The conditional statistics involves the magnetic field time series split into concatenated subsets of data according to a threshold in dynamic pressure. The threshold separates fast-stream leading edge compressional and trailing edge uncompressional fluctuations. The histograms obtained from these data sets are associated with both multiscale (B) and small-scale (δB) magnetic fluctuations, the latter corresponding to time-delayed differences. It is shown here that, by keeping flexibility but avoiding the unnecessary redundancy in modeling, the histograms can be effectively described by a limited set of theoretical probability distribution functions (PDFs), such as the normal, lognormal, kappa, and log-kappa functions. In a statistical sense the model PDFs correspond to additive and multiplicative processes exhibiting correlations. It is demonstrated here that the skewed small-scale histograms inherent in turbulent cascades are better described by the skewed log-kappa than by the symmetric kappa model. Nevertheless, the observed skewness is rather small, resulting in potential difficulties of estimation of the third-order moments. This paper also investigates the dependence of the statistical convergence of PDF model parameters, goodness of fit, and skewness on the data sample size. It is shown that the minimum lengths of data intervals required for the robust estimation of parameters is scale, process, and model dependent. ©2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: turbulence; Solar wind; Probability density function
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE01 Geophysics / geofizika
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2015 06:20
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2015 06:20

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