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Sudden and gradual responses of phytoplankton to global climate change: case studies from two large, shallow lakes (Balaton, Hungary and the Neusiedlersee Austria/Hungary)

Padisák, Judit (1998) Sudden and gradual responses of phytoplankton to global climate change: case studies from two large, shallow lakes (Balaton, Hungary and the Neusiedlersee Austria/Hungary). In: NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Management of Lakes and Reservoirs during Global Climate Change, 1995. november 11-15., Prága, Czech Republic.

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Abstract

This paper analyses two phytoplankton long-term datasets; both are from large, temperate shallow lakes. The main difference between them is that phytoplankton growth in Lake Balaton remained severely P-limited despite P-driven eutrophication during the last 30 years, whereas extremely high turbidity causes a permanent light limitation in Neusiedlersee and therefore an increase in P-loadings did not result in a similar increase in phytoplankton biomass. Neusiedlersee is a (slightly) saline inland lake. In Lake Balaton, the blue-green alga Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii blooms invariably if the July-august temperature deviates positively from a 30-year average by ca. 2 °C. A supposed global warming is predicted to cause a higher frequency (but not intensity!) of these blooms. Neusiedlersee is very shallow and therefore regulation techniques cannot prevent water levels sinking in successive dry years. Annual averages of phytoplankton seem to follow quite a regular, wave-like cyclicity. Such cycles can be recognised in the population records of the characteristic species. Similar changes were seen in changes of water level, conductivity, inorganic-P, inorganic N-forms and nutrient ratios. How phytoplankton species can follow a climatic cycle that covers 200 to 500 generations has not yet become clear. Because of reasons discussed in the paper, neither of the two cases can be generalised; each is quite individual.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE08 Hydrosphere. Hydrology / hidroszféra, hidrológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2012 11:00
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2012 11:00
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/3233

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