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Algal assemblage types of bog-lakes in Hungary and their relation to water chemistry, hydrological conditions and habitat diversity

Borics, Gábor and Tóthmérész, Béla and Grigorszky, István and Padisák, Judit and Várbíró, Gábor and Szabó, Sándor (2003) Algal assemblage types of bog-lakes in Hungary and their relation to water chemistry, hydrological conditions and habitat diversity. HYDROBIOLOGIA, 502 (1-3). pp. 145-155. ISSN 0018-8158 (print), 1573-5117 (online)

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Abstract

Algal flora of 12 bog lakes was investigated during the period of March 1995 to August 1999 in Hungary. Of the 129 samples, 624 taxa of algae were identified. Species richness of individual samples ranged between 8 and 107 except the extraordinarily species rich Balata-to where 533 algal taxa were observed. Ordination of the samples resulted in five groups: (1) assemblages dominated by chlorococcalean algae and planktonic Cyanoprokaryota; (2) assemblages dominated by flagellates (Dinophyta, Cryptophyta, Euglenophyta, Chrysophyceae, Raphidophyceae); (3) chlorococcalean algae and cyanoprokaryotic assemblages with desmids, cryptophytes, dinoflagellates or euglenophytes as subdominants; (4) assemblages dominated by diatoms and (5) a group of samples where other taxa belonging to Xanthophyta and filamentous green algae dominated. The bogs were typically rich in inorganic N and P, moreover, their water chemical characteristics (including pH and conductivity) were rather uniform. Therefore, other factors than chemical properties were responsible for different flora. The above groups were characteristic to certain types of habitats. In the first group, plankton samples from relatively large pools with considerable open water can be found. The second group included samples taken from small bog pools. The third group contained the periphyton samples from macrophytes, living in bogs with constantly reliable water supply. Samples of group four and five comprised small bogs that occasionally dry up. Periphyton of lakes with Sphagnum belonged exclusively to the fifth group. This study has shown that small bog-pools are often inhabited by different species of flagellates and desmids are not as important as it has been widely believed. Hydrological properties and habitat diversity are the major factors influencing species richness of Hungarian bog-lakes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE08 Hydrosphere. Hydrology / hidroszféra, hidrológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2012 13:43
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2012 13:50
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/3313

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