Factor H-related proteins determine complement-activating surfaces.

Józsi, Mihály and Tortajada, A. and Uzonyi, Barbara and Goicoechea de, Jorge E. and Rodriguez de Cordoba, S. (2015) Factor H-related proteins determine complement-activating surfaces. TRENDS IN IMMUNOLOGY, 36 (6). pp. 374-384. ISSN 1471-4906

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Complement factor H-related proteins (FHRs) are strongly associated with different diseases involving complement dysregulation, which suggests a major role for these proteins regulating complement activation. Because FHRs are evolutionarily and structurally related to complement inhibitor factor H (FH), the initial assumption was that the FHRs are also negative complement regulators. Whereas weak complement inhibiting activities were originally reported for these molecules, recent developments indicate that FHRs may enhance complement activation, with important implications for the role of these proteins in health and disease. We review these findings here, and propose that FHRs represent a complex set of surface recognition molecules that, by competing with FH, provide improved discrimination of self and non-self surfaces and play a central role in determining appropriate activation of the complement pathway.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2016 06:40
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2016 00:15

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