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Hormonal enhancement of neuronal firing is linked to structural remodelling of excitatory and inhibitory synapses

Párducz, Árpád and Hoyk, Zsófia and Kis, Zsolt and Garcia-Segura, L. M. (2002) Hormonal enhancement of neuronal firing is linked to structural remodelling of excitatory and inhibitory synapses. European Journal of Neuroscience, 16 (4). pp. 665-670. ISSN 0953-816X (print), 1460-9568 (online)

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Abstract

The ovarian hormone estradiol induces morphological changes in the number of synaptic inputs in specific neuronal populations. However, the functional significance of these changes is still unclear. In this study, the effect of estradiol on the number of anatomically identified synaptic inputs has been assessed in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. The number of axo-somatic, axodendritic and spine synapses was evaluted using unbiased stereological methods and a parallel electrophysiological study was performed to assess whether synaptic anatomical remodelling has a functional consequence on the activity of the affected neurons. Estradiol administration to ovariectomized rats induced a decrease in the number of inhibitory synaptic inputs, an increase in the number of excitatory synapses and an enhancement of the frequency of neuronal firing. These results indicate that oestrogen modifications in firing frequency in arcuate neurons are temporally linked to anatomical modifications in the numerical balance of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic inputs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QL Zoology / állattan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RZ Other systems of medicine / orvostudomány egyéb területei
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2012 08:18
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2012 08:18
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/3367

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