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Individual aerosol particles from biomass burning in southern Africa: 2. Compositions and aging of inorganic particles

Li, Jia and Pósfai, Mihály and Hobbs, Peter V. and Buseck, Peter R. (2003) Individual aerosol particles from biomass burning in southern Africa: 2. Compositions and aging of inorganic particles. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (D13). Article No.-8484. ISSN 2169-897X

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Abstract

Individual aerosol particles collected over southern Africa during the SAFARI 2000 field study were studied using transmission electron microscopy and field- emission scanning electron microscopy. The sizes, shapes, compositions, mixing states, surface coatings, and relative abundances of aerosol particles from biomass burning, in boundary layer hazes, and in the free troposphere were compared, with emphasis on aging and reactions of inorganic smoke particles. Potassium salts and organic particles were the predominant species in the smoke, and most were internally mixed. More KCl particles occur in young smoke, whereas more K2SO4 and KNO3 particles were present in aged smoke. This change indicates that with the aging of the smoke, KCl particles from the fires were converted to K2SO4 and KNO3 through reactions with sulfur- and nitrogen-bearing species from biomass burning as well as other sources. More soot was present in smoke from flaming grass fires than bush and wood fires, probably due to the predominance of flaming combustion in grass fires. The high abundance of organic particles and soluble salts can affect the hygroscopic properties of biomass- burning aerosols and therefore influence their role as cloud condensation nuclei. Particles from biomass burning were important constituents of the regional hazes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD06 Mineralogy / ásványtan
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2012 09:36
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2012 11:40
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/3409

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