Comparison of Molecular and Phenotypic Methods for the Detection and Characterization of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae

Somily, Ali M. and Garaween, Ghada A. and Abukhalid, Norah and Absar, Muhammad M. and Senok, Abiola C. (2016) Comparison of Molecular and Phenotypic Methods for the Detection and Characterization of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 63 (1). pp. 69-81. ISSN 1217-8950


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In recent years, there has been a rapid dissemination of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). This study aimed to compare phenotypic and molecular methods for detection and characterization of CRE isolates at a large tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. This study was carried out between January 2011 and November 2013 at the King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) in Saudi Arabia. Determination of presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and carbapenem resistance was in accordance with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Phenotypic classification was done by the MASTDISCS<sup>TM</sup> ID inhibitor combination disk method. Genotypic characterization of ESBL and carbapenemase genes was performed by the Check-MDR CT102. Diversilab rep-PCR was used for the determination of clonal relationship. Of the 883 ESBL-positive Enterobacteriaceae detected during the study period, 14 (1.6%) isolates were carbapenem resistant. Both the molecular genotypic characterization and phenotypic testing were in agreement in the detection of all 8 metalo-beta-lactamases (MBL) producing isolates. Of these 8 MBL-producers, 5 were positive for bla<sub>NDM</sub> gene and 3 were positive for bla<sub>VIM</sub> gene. Molecular method identified additional bla<sub>OXA</sub> gene isolates while MASTDISCS<sup>TM</sup> ID detected one AmpC producer isolate. Both methods agreed in identifying 2 carbapenem resistant isolates which were negative for carbapenemase genes. Diversilab rep-PCR analysis of the 9 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates revealed polyclonal distribution into eight clusters. MASTDISCS<sup>TM</sup> ID is a reliable simple cheap phenotypic method for detection of majority of carbapenemase genes with the exception of the bla<sub>OXA</sub> gene. We recommend to use such method in the clinical laboratory.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 07:57
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2017 23:15

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